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200th Anniversary of the Birth of Gregor Mendel
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information on Korean stamp
Date of Issue : 2022.07.20
Types : 1
Denomination : 430 won
Design :
Stamp No. : 3608
Printing Process
& Colors
: null
Size of Stamp : 30 × 40
: 5 × 3
Image Area : 30 × 38.5
Paper : null
Perforation : 13¼ × 13
Printer : POSA
Designer : Shin, Jae-yong
Quantity : 645,000
Western doctors and scientists have long been interested and studied the phenomena of familial resemblance and heridity in animals. Gregor Mendel (1822–1884) discovered the fundamental laws of inheritance, a concept that has now become common sense. This year marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of Gregor Mendel, the father of modern genetics. Mendel was born in Heinzendorf, Austria in 1822 as the son of a farmer father and a horticulturist mother. He dreamed of becoming a botanist despite his family`s difficult circumstances. Upon recommendation of his physics teacher Friedrich Franz, Mendel entered the Augustinian Abbey of St. Thomas in 1843 and studied various disciplines, including theology. Even after being ordained as a priest in 1847, Mendel maintained his passion for learning and took lectures on physics, mathematics, and plant physiology at the University of Vienna. Scholars at the time thought it was normal for all children with a tall father and a short mother to have a height in between, but this rule did not apply in reality. Mendel planted peas of varying characteristics (i.e. size, color, shape) to produce about 13,000 different species for eight years and presented his seminal paper titled “Experiments on Plant Hybridization.” However, Mendel’s paper was largely ignored by the scientific community because he was not an official scholar. Nonetheless, Mendel overturned the existing theory of blending inheritance by proposing the so-called law of dominance, where crossing purebred yellow peas and purebred green peas only produces yellow peas. He also discovered the law of segregation, stating the alleles in each pea are segregated into gametes and inherited when hybridized peas are crossed, resulting in offspring not only the dominant yellow pea, but also the recessive green pea. In addition, he discovered the law of independent assortment, which states that when two or more traits are inherited at the same time, alleles of each traits are segregated and inherited independently from each other. Mendel’s laws received attention in 1900, thirty-five years after they were published. Notable scholars in the Netherlands, Germany, and Austria have noted Mendel’s principles of inheritance as the starting point of modern genetics. This commemorative stamp 200th Anniversary of the Birth of Gregor Mendel features a portrait of Mendel wearing a vestment against the background of alleles R and Y representing Mendel’s laws of inheritance. We hope this commemorative stamp serves as an opportunity to reflect on Mendel’s life and achievements that led to the advent of modern genetics.